Community Environmental Management Development Organisation
ANNUAL PERFOMANCE REPORT 2015
Head office: ELCT Kipingo Parish Building, P.O. Box 61, Malinyi, Tanzania, E-mail: email@example.com. Mobile: +255 762 913 368, Sub Offices Locations: Kasulu (Kigoma) & Morogoro Municipality:
One of the shared this annual report of CEMDO is the passion for community livelihood. We dream of a society where are respected and given space to fully contribute to making the world a better place to live. It because of this desire to create a fairer World that that we prepared this Annual Performance Report for year 2015 CEMDO members , partners and those who wish to become towards building a community efficiently services that contribute to improving livelihood.
This Annual Performance Report introduces Vision, mission, strengthens our work achievements .We also describe the approaches we use in our work
We believe that you opted join CEMDO because we share some values and we are ready to work together towards transforming the lives of people through improved livelihood and behavior change among communities.
Empowering People it’s sustain themselves
CEMDO Country Executive Director
Table of contents
Table of contents…………………………………………………………. 1
Abbreviations …………………………………………………………….. 2
1.0. BACKGROUND&INTRODUCTION………………………………… 3
2.0. MANAGEMENT STAFFs
4.0 ORGANISATION DEVELOPMENT
5.0 PROJECT IMPLENTATION FOR YEAR 2015
5.1. THE KIGOMA ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT-KEMP
5.2. MWANZO BORA NUTRITION PROGRAMME-MBNP
5.3 EMERGENCY FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS RESPONCE-EFSL
CSO’s Civil Society organizations
CEMDO Community Environmental Management and Devt Organisation
CAG Chief Auditor and General
FCC Forum for Climate Change
FBO Faith Based Organizations
MBNP Mwanzo Bora Nutrition Programme
UNHCR United Nations Humanitarian Commissioner for Refugees
KEMP Kigoma Environmental Management Project
SAM Social Accountability and Monitoring
PANITA Partner for Nutrition of Tanzania
MKUKUTA Mkakati wa Kukuza Uchumi na Kupunguza Umasikini Tanzania.
MDG Millennium Development Goals
NGO Non - Governmental Organizations
TAWASANET Tanzania Water Sanitation Network
ANSAF Agriculture Non State Actors Forum
TAAHM Tanzania Against Hunger and Malnutrition
MoHA Ministry of Home Affairs,
DNRO District Nature Resource Officer,
UDC Ulanga District council.
KDC Kilombero District Council
UNGO Union of Non-Governmental of Morogoro
MANET Mazingira Network-Tanzania
DNRO District Nature Resource Officer,
IRC International Rescue Committee
PSNs Persons with specific needs
WFP World Programme Food
ADRA Adventist Development and Relief Agency
TRCS Tanzania Red Cross Society
WLAC Women Legal Aids
RK Radio Kwizera
1.1 Community Environmental Management and Development Organization (CEMDO).
The Community Environmental Management and Development Organization (CEMDO) is a Civil society Organization working in mainland Tanzania. With registration number So 12490 of 29.05.2004, rule 5/1954 and Certificate of compliance No 00001404, of 28.04.2011, NGO act 24/2002.The Head office is located in Malinyi, Ulanga District, Morogoro region. Current CEMDO has a sub (Regional ) Office in Kibaoni, Ifakara, and Morogoro Municipal, in Morogoro Region and Murusi Street, Kasulu, Kigoma Region.
To be a strong and vibrant in providing quality, and efficiently services that contribute to improving livelihood.
To initiate, strengthen, and collaborate with other likeminded stakeholder, facilitating capacity building to its members and community in the area of environmental, water and sanitation, agriculture, Food security and Nutrition.
1.4. CEMDO Values,
1.5. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES OF CEMDO
1. To empower community members to implement their mandates
2. To facilitate linkage and strengthen information management systems to Community, Members, development partners, local governmental and other Stakeholder
3. To Strengthen CEMDO secretariat capacity for effective and efficient services to communities. Key strategic area of implementation (Our Work)
1.6. CEMDO strategic area of implementation
1. Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Agriculture
2. Water resources Management and supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
3. Health, Food security and Nutrition
1.7.CEMDO service delivering methodology:
For past thirteen year (since 2002) CEMDO has been involved in rural community development projects focusing in area of agriculture production and processing, natural resources management (income generating activities ), Nutrition and Food security, water and sanitation, policies dissemination, lobbing and advocacy, and socially researches.
The activities were implemented through:
Mobilization and formulation of small working groups for accessibility and services delivery such training or capacity building, physical and financial resource mobilization and financial support through provision of working capital
a) Training communities on modern agricultural technologies using demonstration plots or farmers field school approach to increase crop production and livestock production in rural area
b) A linkage between communities, local government, donors and other likeminded organization for implementing development plans
c) Public interest information dissemination.
2.0 MANAGEMENT STAFF/TEAM.
Due to CEMDO Organisation Structure. CEMDO have three side to ensure performance and accountability. (A)CEMDO have an Organisation Member Meeting common are Annual General Meeting that’s for last decision. For this year AGM seated one. (B)The CEMDO member delegate some of responsibilities to Independence active Board of Director ,the main responsibilities to ensure the third part performance of Technical Team under Executive Director to perform due the project plan and Budgeted, relating our partnerships agreement.
CEMDO have the technical staffs experience and qualified for Project implementation at FY 2015 CEMDO have Employees staff (see the table below)
Community Change Agent(CCA)
CEMDO Some of Staff at Kigoma Field Office ,from left,Robnson,Linna,Prisca,Jiras,Nyondo,Eponda,Alex ,Misama, Flora and Madunda(Executive Director)
3.0. NETWORKING AND SEMINAR/WORKSHOP/ MEETING FOR YEAR 2015.
CEMDO collaborating with different stakeholders like LGAs, Centre governments International agencies and NGOs also CEMDO it’s a member to different CSOs network in Tanzania, for purpose of increasing link, information sharing and capacity building
For this year CEMDO staffs participated the workshops, meetings and Trainings held by (ANSAF,TAWASANET ,PANITA ,FCC ,UNGO ,CAG ,UNHCR, OXFAM ,MoHA, WFP)
3.1. INTERNAL MEETING
Reflect the CEMDO structure for year 2015 Annual General Meeting sited at once for this year.
Board of Director meting two times at Morogoro and Malinyi per year 2015
Technical team sits every monthly and quarter to discussing the project implementation performance and challenges.
CEMDO /EFSL Project Team attend the Orientation training prepared by OXFAM -Kasulu-Kigoma
4.0. ORGANISATION DEVELOPMENTs
Due the CEMDO policy and regulation, technical team has tendency every year to prepare the annual operational plan relating the budget.
CEMDO staffs from left Mr Madunda(CED)Mrs Raphael(Finance & Adm Officer), Mr Nassari Project Officer, Mr Kombania Project Officer. Review Annual operational plan for 2016.
5. PROJECT IMPLETANTATION FOR YEAR 2015
5:1: THE MWANZO BORA NUTRITION PROGRAMME
5.1.1 Project Introduction
Mwanzo Bora Nutrition Program (MBNP) is a 5-year bilateral integrated nutrition program funded by USAID being implemented by a Consortium Partners namely Africare (Prime), COUNSENUTH, The Manoff Group and Deloitte in collaboration with Prime Minister’s Office, Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre and Ministry of Health. The program is being implemented in 20 districts of Tanzania mainland
In Ulanga district Community Environmental Management and Development Organization (CEMDO) implementing this program in 31wards started 2013 wards namely Mahenge, Mawasiliano, Uponela, Isongo, Nawenge, Vigoi, Lupiro, Milola, Sofi, Usangule, Biro, Igawa, Mwaya, Malinyi and Mtimbira, Ketaketa, Ilonga, Mbuga, Itete, Njiwa, Iragua, Chirombola, Lukande, Euga, Sali, Ruaha, Msogezi, Kichangani, KilosaMpepo, Minepa and Ngoheranga. And also the implementations of this program in Ulanga district CEMDO work with 91 villages
whereby each village there are 2 CHWs works in the project. Currently the program has been extended to all villages in the district council making coverage of 91 village where by 33 are new, only 1 village is not yet included according to district profile.
The overall goal of the program is to improve the nutritional status of children and pregnant and lactating women in Tanzania, with specific focus on reducing maternal anaemia and child stunting by at least 20%.
5:1:2. IMPLENTED ACTIVITIES
5:1:2:1 Mobilize and facilitate community groups to establish and manage integrated demonstration plots at ward level
Within this quarter, a total of 14 new demonstration plots have been established in the following ward; Vigoi ward (Mbagula Village), Uponela and Nawenge wards, Minepa(Kivukoni dispensary), Kichangani (Kichangani dispensary), Ilonga (Ilonga dispensary), Isongo (Isongo dispensary/local government area), Malinyi (Malinyi dispensary), Ngoheranga (Tanga dispensary), Iragua (Iragua mission primary school), Itete (Itete dispensary) and Ruaha (near Ruaha dispensary), Mwasiliano ward(Mawasiliano) and Msogezi ward(Chikuti village). Also two demonstration sites have been renovated at Mtimbira (Mtimbira HF) and Igawa (Igawa dispensary) wards respectively. A total of 419 people have been reached through this activity whereby males were 130 and females were 289.
People at Mbagula(PSG) village preparing seed beds at their demo plot
Primary Source of data : Participant forms
5:1:2:2: Support communities to establish and use tippy tap at every demonstration plot site to promote good hygiene and sanitation practices at household level (Done during the development of demonstration sites/ plots.
This activity was conducted parallel with Mobilize and facilitates community groups to establish and manage integrated demonstration plots at ward level. During establishment of demonstration plots, tippy taps were established with two more at Kipingo village and Malinyi village, which aims to promote good hygiene and sanitation practices. The people who participated were encouraged to adopt tippy tap at their household level basically for socially behaviour change.
Pupils of Iragua primary school enjoying use of tippy tap established by CEMDO.
5:1:2:3: Provide support to communities to conduct field demonstration days at each demonstration plot.
In this year, CEMDO team we have managed to conduct 25 field demonstration days at Kichangani, Iragua, Itete, Njiwa, Isongo, Minepa, Milola, Mbuga, Ilonga, Ruaha, Chilombora, Igawa and Malinyi wards. A total of 3110 .people were reached whereby 544 were male and 2566 females. Apart from these above mentioned people, a total of 60 community leaders participated and 61 CHWs participated.
This activity, in collaboration with Ulanga DNTF nutrition related issues related to maternal anemia and child stunting were discussed. Issues related to improved and proper hygiene were discussed and much emphasis was put on this to reduce child sickness to all proper growth and also importance of feeding right meal to children and importance of having balanced diet to pregnant and lactating women.
Ulanga DNTF (Joyce Bigilimana) with a reddish coat at left photo adding grinded vegetables in porridge. At right photo is CEMDO Nutritionist (wearing carrot t-shirt), DNTF and beneficial adding grinded carrots during Community Demonstration Day –Kichangani Village-Ulanga District
5:1:2:4: Work with extension workers to technically support beneficiary households in adopting and out scaling home gardening, small livestock keeping, tippy tap at adopt locally food preservation and processing technologies
Over this year, CEMDO team managed to support HBC/CHW and 1 PSG at ward level to establish home garden (sack garden at house hold level) with the purpose of ensuring pregnant and lactating women have diversified diet and impacting practical skills to establish sack garden at 3 wards selected randomly (Kilosa-Mpepo, Ngoheranga and Sofi wards) . Total participants were 106 (13 Male and 93 Female) including beneficiaries and non beneficiaries.
5:1:2:5. Collaborate with partner programs to provide IGA training and establish Savings and Internal Lending Communities (SILC) groups to MBNP targeted communities
In this year, CEMDO staffs in collaboration from 3 different facilitators from Euga, Iragua village (Iragua ward) and Mchangani Villages (Malinyi ward)-Ulanga DC, have managed to provide IGA training and establish 3 SILC group to MBNP targeted communities at Euga, Iraguaand Malinyi wards respectively. These aimed at targeting beneficiaries to afford and access the diversified diet in their life for nutrition improvement and establish income generating activities for their economic enhancement. The total number of 63 participants were reached were by 20 were males and 43 were females.
5:1:2:6: Roll out of the SBCC Kit materials for use by peer support and farmers groups to promote social norms and behaviors for reducing maternal anemia and childhood stunting
Within this year CEMDO team collaborating with MNBP Regional team was build capacity for some of HF workers to ensure project performance at health facility level of how to use SIKU 1000 SBCC kit on improving nutrition related behaviours.
5:1:2:7:Train Community Health Workers (CHWs)/ Home Based Care (HBC) workers on the concept and importance of Siku 1000, care group models and Nutrition SBCC kits
To increase number of targeted beneficiaries to the project, CEMDO team in collaboration with DNTFs team and MBNP facilitators managed to train a total of 60 CHWs where by 30 were male and 30 were female . These participants were from 18 wards where by new wards were 8 (Uponera, Mawasiliano, Isongo, Nawenge, Msogezi, Vigoi, Ruaha and Itete) and the rest had only few remained villages which had not yet been covered in the program. During the training participants had chance to discuss and learnt various innervations on reduction of maternal anemia and childhood stunting respectively. Objectives was to build understanding on positive behavioral change communication in nutrition issues, to build skills/competencies on nutrition issues, to sensitize gender roles among parents and to promote need of having nutrition and health services.
5:1:2:8: Orient community leaders (counselors, Ward Executive Officers (WEOs), Ward Extension Workers (WEWs) village chairpersons, Village Executive Officers (VEOs), on the Nutrition SBCC Siku 1000 concept, Parent Kit and Farmers' Kit.
Over this year CEMDO/ MBNP project officer (social worker) managed to orient new community leader (WEOs, COUNCILORs, WEW, VEO and CHAIRPERSONs) on nutrition SBCC siku 1000 concept, parent kit and farmers kit at 4 different centers namely Lupilo, IteteRuaha and Mahenge center/Nkongua hall in collaboration with MBNP head office facilitators (Madam Belinda and Glory) and DNTF (PriscaMalekela from Mahenge),. The purpose was create strong coordination with LGA/community leader stakeholders for their support (technical and moral) to beneficiaries on sustainability of the project implementations and to increase number of targeted beneficiaries to the project to reach target including increase awareness on SBCC siku 1000 concept.
Belinda Liana clarify on project priorities interventions based on siku 1000 concept during orientation of community leaders at Mahenge/Nkongua hall
5:1:2:9. Support street theatre groups to conduct community awareness on maternal and child nutrition
CEMDO team we successes to supported 25 street theatre groups for conducting awareness on maternal and child nutrition. Theatre groups have performed in demonstrations days at ward or village level, Culture theatre group it’s very important at community level to deliver project massage. [Targeted 25 groups and achievement are 25 (100%)]
5:1:2:10 Support DMNSCs and DNuOs to organize commemoration of the World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) Support District Multi Sectoral Nutrition Steering Committees (DMNSCs) and District Nutrition Officers (DNuOs) to coordinate interventions for reducing maternal anemia and childhood stunting and
For improving breastfeeding and child survival which includes, initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour after the birth; exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months; and continued breastfeeding for two years or more, together with safe, nutritionally adequate, age appropriate, responsive complementary feeding starting in the sixth month. CEMDO staffs in cooperation with Ulanga DNTFs, DNuO its managed to conduct Word Breastfeeding Week (WBW) commemoration climax event at Mawasiliano village Ulanga DC.
Mrs Isabela Chilumba Ulanga DED speek to community members during the World Breastfeed Week commemoration day at Mawasiliano village-Ulanga
5:1:2:11. Expand and strengthen community based nutrition SBCC activities
During this quarter CEMDO team has distributed 33 SBCC kit . in 33CHW trained villages. To expand and strengthen community based nutrition CEMDO has distributed 33 SBCC kit to 33 villages .
5:1:2:12 Support CHWs and HBC to form Peer Support Groups (PSGs)
In this year during supportive supervision, CEMDO staffs have managed to form 284 PGSs at Hamlet level .BUT THE MAJORITY TO PSGs ARE FEMALE ONLY
5:1:2:13 Support CHWs and HBCs to conduct regular supportive supervision to Peer Support Groups (PSGs)
CEMDO staff collaboration with DNuO/DNFT Ulanga District have managed to conduct regular supportive supervision activity done to 31 Wards Some area at happen are Critical nutrition issues, especially those related to Maternal Anaemia, and Childhood Stunting such as IFA supplementation, diverse diet, breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and WASH was discussed. Also to ensure Working performance of CHW, Number of Demo plot , Demo days, Tippy Taps, Sack gardens and livestock keeping, culture groups.
5:1:2:14: Support and motivate CHWs/ HBCs and conduct quarterly review meetings Conduct community monthly and quarterly review meetings with CHW/HBC per ward
In this year CEMDO team has managed to conduct 32 monthly meeting with 182 CHWs in two different quarters (Q1= 16 meetings & Q3=16 meetings). The puporse of the meetings was mentoring and coaching on SBCC kit siku 1000, important nutrition issues in relation to social which behavioral change, orientation of new community data form, monthly data collection forms, emphasize for continous formation of PSGs and challenges facing CHW/HBC in project implementation
5:2: KIGOMA ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROJECT
5:2:1 Project Introduction
CEMDO Tanzania started working in refugee operation in Nyarugusu refugee camp in August 2013 through UNHCR fund. Initially, the environmental management and protection activities were under the implementation of CARE International in Tanzania before phased out in July 2013. CEMDO is currently doing intervention on environmental management and protection for both Congolese and Burundians residing in Nyarugusu camp. The current Nyarugusu camp population is 153,262 (65,411 Congolese & 87,851 Burundians).Apart from CEMDO dealing with environmental management and protection there also cooperating with others agencies working in different sectors in Nyarugusu camp via Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) the Refugee Departments and United Nation High Commissioner for refugees (UNHCR).
5:2:2. Operational Project context – changes-
In a troubled region, the United Republic of Tanzania has remained peaceful and stable while many of its neighbours have suffered from internal conflicts. Tanzania has a history as a country of asylum of more than 40 years, during which it has hosted one of the largest refugee populations in Africa. The Government of Tanzania had also been active in the search for solutions for refugees within its territory.
The situation in Nyarugusu refugee camp as far as firewood is concerned is deteriorating. In year 2015 firewood support was for refugees with specific needs alone (which was 6000 PSN refugees), the entire population continued collecting firewood on their own in and outside camp with guiding from environmental management IP. However, this approach had been applied for many years and consequently firewood collection sites within the camp vicinity have been depleted. Firewood collection is done very far outside the camp (about 9 kilometres away) hence refugees walk long distances and spend many hours from 7-9 on collecting firewood. The long distance and many hours spent on this is also associated with increased risk of GBV cases against adolescent girls and refugees women as well as increasing conflicts over these scarce forest resources between the refugees and local communities. Refugees are supported with temporary shelter construction materials harvested from the surrounding forests for more than 15 years now. Regardless of deliberate efforts made by UNHCR and IP on reforestation still there are indications that these resources are slowly diminishing something that needs another strategy for supporting refugees with shelter construction materials. The use of energy saving stoves particularly muddy stoves and rocket stoves has been promoted in the camp to reduce firewood consumption for some years back. These types of stoves need regular repair as they easily broken when exposed to fire and when in use. For improving this situation new model of the stoves would be recommended. The experience shows that the SAVE 80 energy stoves from the region have been successful in refugee camps in Uganda and Kenya. The SAVE 80 energy stoves were introduced in the camp where a total 3000 energy stoves were distributed to the PSNs.
The challenges related to firewood collection and harvesting shelter construction materials would be reduced to at minimum, if the construction of permanent shelters using bricks and iron sheets is promoted while lighting in houses during the nights would be improved if the installation of solar lanterns for lighting refugees’ houses would be supported and promoted to the remaining 95.3% of the entire population although this is subject to availability of resources. Tanzania has indicated no change in its encampment policy which requires all refugees to live in designated areas. The access to asylum was problematic in the past few years, with the Government reluctant to process new asylum-seekers, currently, the Government has moderated its stance and refugee status determination sessions have begun (also asylum-seekers have been allowed to at least register in many cases). This project has been implementing environmental protection and rehabilitation activities in Nyarugusu camp and its surrounding neighborhood that hosts around 150,000 refugees. The project has ensured that environmental issues are addressed in line with UNHCR standards and the environment policies of the Tanzanian government.
5:2:3:Project objectives 2015:
a)Contributing towards the mitigation of negative environmental effects of the past and current refugee presence in and around the camps in coordination with the Kasulu district authorities, concerned organizations/donors and refugees to maintain sustainable use of natural resources and their protection;
b)Reducing pressure on wood resources by continued advocacy for improving efficiency of wood consumption by promoting energy saving technologies and techniques through the construction and use of energy saving stoves including distribution of save80 stoves;
c)Facilitating the availability of construction materials for shelter (poles, bamboos, logs and withers) through guided harvesting according to Tanzania’s natural resource policy in enabling refugees to maintain the environmentally friendly camp; and encouraging the use of sun dried mud bricks for shelter wall structures to reduce the need for poles and bamboos;
d)To maintaining the established forum of conflict resolution and mechanism for mediation, thus improving the relationship between refugees and the local population on harmonious and sustainable use of scarce natural resources like wood (for firewood and construction), water and land between refugees and villagers around the camps; and
e) Continuing to support individual and refugee women groups’ vegetable gardening in Nyarugusu refugee camp.
5:2:4: IMPLEMNTATION OF ACTIVITIES
Fire wood collection
In addressing this problem the project continued in supplying firewood harvested from the host village’s farms to 2124 PSNs which comprises 3% of the entire population in Nyarugusu camp .In the reporting period a total of 314,749.05kgs, 210,879.9kgs and 210,225.99kgs of firewood were distributed to PSNs, New arrivals and Police respectively. In the reporting period a total 527 trips of firewood were collected and piled against planned 731 trips.
CEMDO Firewood piling site for shelter construction of new coming Burundian Refugees in Nyarugusu camp
5:2:5: Agricultural women group
To reduce the negative impact on environment due to associated with illegal farming and supplement refugee diet, home gardening was promoted and 134 agricultural women groups of 6 - 15 members were supported with vegetable seeds against planned 300 women groups to produce variety of vegetables to supplement their food rations and improve households’ diet. By this reporting period a total of 14358 kilograms of different vegetables were produced benefiting 1709 refugees while 236 PSN were supported with 215kgs.
Home gardening which is among of the activity CEMDO implementing to Refugees camps to increase the Nutritional.
5:2:6 Soil conservation
Some construction of soil erosion control structures was another intervention during this reporting period. A total 130 gully structures (check dams & Gabions) were constructed against planned 120 structures. In the same line with gully rehabilitation activity a total 101 check dam’s structures were repaired while a total of 300 bundles of vegetative materials were planted across those gullies. However there is no incidence of injuries and death so far has been reported with relate to gullies.
5:2:7 Environmental forest patrols
There were also joint environmental protection patrols conducted in collaboration with the DNRO officers to discourage environmental destructive activities in and surrounding the camp. Those unsound activities to environmental include; charcoal, washing and bathing into rivers, cultivation on river banks and cutting green fresh trees. During the reporting period a total of 66 patrols equal to 68.8% were conducted by CEMDO staffs against target of 96 patrols.
During patrols we discourage Lumbering and trees charcoal at Nyarugusu Camp area
The patrols we help us to reduce number of trees cutting also forestry fire at Nyarugusu Camp area
5:2:8 Tree nursery management
Another environmental rehabilitation measure in camp and local communities was tree planting; in the reporting period a total of 120,000 tree seedlings equal to 80% against planned 150,000 tree seedlings were planted in camp and host villages, this includes 14.7% equal to 17,665 seedlings and 85.3% equal to 102,335 seedlings planted in camp and host villages respectively. The 20% of tree seedlings mentioned to be died was due termites and transportation. The tree seedlings in camp were planted in zone 7, 8,9,10 and zone 11 while in host villages were planted in Mvugwe, Makere and Nyamidaho villages. This year most of seedlings were planted in host villages compared to refugee camp because shelter materials for new arrivals were harvested from host villages. According to the district natural resource office findings we still have a gap of 903,908 seedlings to replenish the deforested areas in the host villages.
CEMDO Tree Nursery production centre at Nyarugusu refugee camp (Photo shown Project Officer Forestry Mr Gerald Nyondo the right man. Hamiton Misama and Miss Prica Luvanga
5:2:9: Environmental awareness campaigns
To ensure that natural resources are better protected, in the reporting period the project continued providing environment protection education to the refugee community and to the asylum seekers at large. This project conducted awareness campaigns of which by the reporting period a total of 108 campaigns were conducted against 108 campaigns set as the target for the year 2015 and met a total 89473 equal to 103.4% against planned 86568 refugees. The commemoration of the World Environment Day was not commemorated as per plan because of the emergence of new influx of Burundians started coming on end of April 2015 following insecurity in their country.
The Burundian and Congolese refugees attended the Environmental awareness meeting campaigns conducted in Nyarugusu camp
5:2:10: Firewood distribution
Others included forest protection patrols, in collaboration with District natural resource office and village environmental committee CEMDO managed firewood harvesting from the designated harvesting area at Mvugwe village. Firewood is harvested using sustainable forest harvesting principles with the supervision of district natural resource officer. During the reporting period the total 727 trips of firewood were collected and piled at the piling site at CEMDO field office against the planned 731 firewood trips. A total of 1,142,757kgs (291 trips) of firewood were distributed to 2124 refugees with specific needs (PSNs), asylum seekers (new Burundians population) and Police against planned collected 731 trips.
A Refugee Women carrying firewood from CEMDO Fire wood distribution centre
5:2:11: The conflict resolution meeting
The conflict resolution meetings are used as a forum to discuss conflicts over the use of available natural resources and come up with the resolutions between refugees and host community leaders. By this reporting period we manage to conduct 2 meetings out of planned 2 meetings. The meetings were conducted in September and December 2015 with a total 164 participants against the planned 232 participants from both the refugee camp and host villages. The resolutions made during those meeting was to have difference forums with the host villages on issues related with sharing of natural resource in particular firewood, besides we agreed to have joint patrols with the village environmental committee (VEC) to discourage unsound activities to environmental like charcoal ,cutting and debarking of fresh trees.
Participants during the conflict resolution meeting between refugees and host villages surrounding Nyarugusu camp
5:2:12: Signboard posting
During the reporting period the project managed to disseminate environmental protection and management through erecting 6 signboards against the planed 4 with different environmental messages in public and affected areas. The messages for most of signboards were to discouraging cultivation on river banks, they advised to observe the Tanzania laws of 60m from the water source. Besides, the message of signboards was also to discourage washing and bathing inside rivers as it pollute water to the downstream user.
5:2:13: Harvesting shelter materials for new arrivals
This year 2015, in responding to the influx from Burundi the project through fund from UNHCR managed to harvest and distribute a total of shelter materials; 334,582Poles, 174,686 Bamboos, and 6602 Logs for construction of mass shelter, family shelters, latrine shelters and bathing shelters, besides the project procured a total 7278kgs roofing nails, 5373kgs 3”nails, 4735 kgs 4” and 4247pcs of sisal twines.
Shelter materials (bamboos and logs) collected for new arrivals Burundian refugees for houses
5:2:14: Gender Based Violence
It was noted that refugee community’s access to energy is scarce within the camp vicinity. As firewood is the only source of energy in the camp women refugees and adolescent girls in particular have been exposed to various forms of GBV, long walking distances (7 - 9 hours per day in search of firewood). They are as well exposed to respiratory truck diseases and destruction of eyesight have been inescapable due to long term use of firewood that produces a lot of smokes, poor attendance rate of school children and significant decrease in retention of children at schools.
In order to address these problems associated with firewood scarce in camp UNHCR managed to procure a total 3000 SAVE 80 stoves. These stoves came into pieces, which supposed to be assembled before distribution. CEMDO was tasked an exercise for assembling those stoves which took them a month. The distribution exercise was done targeting Persons with Specific Needs and families with large family members. Initially it was planned to have training before distribution but after assembling them it was jointly agreed that instead of training CEMDO would conduct demonstrations .The demonstrations conducted were on wisely use of the save 80 stoves.However,the promotion of energy saving stoves (mud and rocket stoves) continued to be promoted and fabricated over the reporting period.
5:2:15 Energy saving stove
By this reporting period total of 1673 mud stoves out of planned 2400 were constructed and 14 rocket stoves were fabricated while total of 261 broken stoves were repaired, besides a total 2445 (1373 female, 519 male & 553 children) refugees participated during demonstrations and fabrication of stoves. This year 2015 Oxfam supported CEMDO a total 5000 saving stoves which were distributed to Burundians PSNs found in zones 8,9,10 11 and 12. The result of the rapid assessment done on different saving energy stoves consumption was as follows; SAVE 80 stove is 0.2kg/person/day, Muddy stove is 1.2kgs/person per day and rocket stoves is 0.9kg/person per day while the consumption of energy stoves at Police station was 4kg/police/day. This year 2016 during the mission of the Tanzania prime minister in Nyarugus camp the home affairs minister promised that following the discussion made between the UNHHCR representative in Tanzania there is a plan of supporting saving energy stoves which will reduce the use of firewood hence environmental protection in and surrounding the camp. Nevertheless, in the reporting period CEMDO managed to organize and facilitate the collection and piling of 145 firewood trips in Nduta camp. The purpose of the exercise was to support the entire population who will be allocated in Nduta camp with firewood to avoid refugees going outside the camp with the reason of fetching firewood.
Double cooking improved saving energy stove promoted in Nyarugusu camp to reduce firewood consumption
5:3: EMERGENCY FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS RESPONCE
OXFAM and CEMDO together implement Emergency food security and livelihood project at Nyarugusu refugees Camp. The project seeks to support households to enhance their food choices and dietary diversity through cash based interventions such as cash for work and conditional cash grants for livelihood support. The project also seeks to improve livelihood options for households through conditional cash grants to start income generating activities. It also seeks to improve communal assets such as incentives for tree planting, support to drainage systems and gullies rehabilitation for flood risk reduction. The project also aim at reduce household firewood consumption and reduce the time spent sourcing for firewood by using fuel efficient stove which are 45-50% energy efficient. Fuel efficient stoves (FES) are directly procured from local producer in Tanzania and distributed to vulnerable households. However EFSL aimed to train 50 ToT who will facilitate and support construction of 5000 stove in households.
5:3:2. Result 1: Improved access to diversity food sources for vulnerable households through unconditional
2.1 Cash base intervention
2.1.1 Beneficiaries identification and selection of 1700 vulnerable households
To ensure access to diverse food sources for vulnerable households at Nyarugusu refugee’s camp, EFSL project identified several interventions includes cash base intervention through unconditional cash transfer to those vulnerable households in the camp. On 19th to 30th October CEMDO staffs in collaboration with OXFAM and UNHCR engaged in identify and verify EFSL beneficiaries for unconditional cash transfer among Burundians refugees from zone 8 to 10 at Nyarugusu camp. At the End of October EFSL project managed to identify total of 1675 vulnerable households for cash transfer.
2.1.2Phone distribution, registration and cash transfer to 1700 vulnerable household
For phone registration and cash transfer operation EFSL team met with UNHCR and MHA for obtaining refugees identification letter, In the meeting with UNHCR and MHA we agreed to use identification letter signed by UNHCR and MHA as identity card as per concern refugees they don’t have identity card for them to register for M-PESA with Vodacom. So till this December 2015 we are waiting for identification letter from UNHCR to continue with cash transfer program in the camp
2.1.2 Cash transfer (unconditional cash transfer) first instalment to 1700 vulnerable household.
To ensure access to diverse food sources for vulnerable households at Nyarugusu refugee’s camp, EFSL project identified several interventions includes cash base intervention through unconditional cash transfer to those vulnerable households in the camp. On 24th December EFSL team managed disburse total of 30,300,000/= TSH to 1010 identified vulnerable households. Where by 30,000/=TSH disbursed per households through direct cash distribution mechanism. However second instalment planned to be disburse on January 2016 through mobiles phones which is already procured by OXFAM.
5:3:3: Result 2: Improved livelihoods for 200 vulnerable HHs through condition cash grants
3.1.0 Cash grant for IGA
3.1.1 Formation 20 IGA groups
To ensure improved livelihood for Households in Nyarugusu refugees camp at the end of October EFSL project managed to mobilize and formulate total of 24 groups (193 female and 204 male) who will be given condition cash grant for them to run business of their choices. The criteria for formation and selection of these groups were based on previous experience in running income generating activities, where there is no experience a willingness and commitment to start IGA needs to be demonstrated through submission of a small business plan with support from OXFAM and CEMDO.
3.1.2 Provision of training on entrepreneurial skills to IGA groups
From October to December 2015, CEMDO EFSL managed train 14 IGA groups on entrepreneurial skills, In this month EFSL managed train 18 IGA groups on entrepreneurial skills and total of 321 (152 males and 169 females) members were attended the training. Training was successfully because all participants were very active and committed for their project/business plans and acquired more skills as all topic were covered as per schedule. The estimated awareness level on entrepreneurial skill after training was more 80%. However participants asked for refresher training in the future for group’s sustainability. But the challenge we meet in this activities is only delayed of some item/ materials requested by group member for them to run their proposed business.
3.1.3 Supportive supervision to IGA groups
During the trips CEMDO FSL managed to make follow up to 18 IGA group with total members of 321 where by 169 female and 152 males. During the trips EFSL team and we observed some members were present at a business point and progress well with their activities while others were not in place went for food distribution centre. And materials given seemed to be helpful and so they are still waiting for the remaining requested items for their better performance.
3.1.4 Item distribution to IGA group
To ensure access to diverse food sources for vulnerable households through condition cash grant. From November to December 2015, CEMDO EFSL managed to distribute items to 18 IGA groups, according to their business plans.
Left photo CEMDO EFSL assistant with hand craft group members of Congoleses refugees handling their item for business operation. On right are members of Male salon group for Burundian refugees with there items. The distributed on 13th November 2015.
5:3:4: Result 3: Improved usage of firewood for food preparation for vulnerable households
4.1 Fuel efficiency stoves
4.1.1 Identification of 5000 vulnerable households for stove distribution.
To guarantee improved usage of firewood for food preparation for vulnerable households in camp, At the begin of November 2015, CEMDO staffs in collaboration of Local leader, casual workers and volunteers managed to identify and select list of 3500 vulnerable households from zone 8 to zone 10 in Nyarugusu refugees camp for stoves distribution.
4.1.2 Identification and training of 50 ToT
CEMDO in collaboration with local leaders and CEMDO staff in Nyarugusu Managed to identify all 50 ToT (20 females and 30 female) with experience and capacity who will be trained on mobilize, facilitate and support production of 5000 fuel efficiency stove to household. However on second week of December EFSL managed to conduct almost 10 days training to 50 ToT for them to mobilize and support construction of fuel efficiency stoves to 5000 households
4.1.3 Distribution fuel efficiency stoves to vulnerable households
To ensure improved usage of firewood for foods preparations among vulnerable households, EFSL identified fuel efficiency stoves intervention by distributing stoves to vulnerable households in Nyaruguss refugee’s camp. From November to December 2015 CEMDO EFSL team managed to distribute 2486 stoves to vulnerable households. Total of 163 stoves were not distribute because either broken or absolute cracked. Also during stoves distribution CEMDO also managed to distribute total of 1714 trees seedling vulnerable households for them to plant in their area.
Left photo person cary stove is EFSL beneficiaries (fromvulnerable households) who came to receive stoves together with seedling tree at CEMDO office in Nyarugusu camp. On left side CEMDO community change agent (Congolesee) with Blue instruct beneficiaries with green cloth on how to use the stoves during the distribution day on 27th November 2015
CEMDO Management, kindly we thanks and acknowledgement numerous staff of, Kasulu District council, Ulanga District council ,Morogoro Municipal council including all Village governments Council working with CEMDO.
Special thanks to MoHA, UNHCR, OXFAM ,MBNP for all staffs, who made valuable contribution during the project implementation for their support, technically, consult ,advising, close regular supportive supervision and valuable feedback to CEMDO.
STAFFS:-We appreciate all staff contribution during their daily responsibilities. The special thanks to Mr Gerald Nyondo (Common Name BABU) who retired December 2015.
Mr Nyondo was awarded the recognition of the successful contribution certificate and 50 pc of iron sheet from CEMDO staff.