Sunday, 6 March 2016


Community Environmental Mmanagement Development Organisation





Project Period:  October   to December 2015
Box 61
Tel: +255 785 566 777

Prepared By: Hamiton Misama- CEMDO EFSL Project Officer
Table of Contents


CSO’s                           Civil Society organizations
CEMDO                       Community Environmental Management and Devt Organisation
FBO                             Faith Based Organizations
EFSL                              Emergency food security and livelihoods
UNHCR                         United Nations High Commission for Refugees
MKUKUTA                 Mkakati wa Kukuza Uchumi na Kupunguza Umasikini Tanzania.
MDG                            Millennium Development Goals
NGO                            Non - Governmental Organizations
TAWASANET         Tanzania Water Sanitation Network
ANSAF                    Agriculture Non State Actors Forum
TAAHM                   Tanzania Against Hunger and Malnutrition
MHA                       Ministry of Home Affairs,
DNRO                   District Nature Resource Officer,
UDC                       Ulanga District council.
KDC                       Kasulu  District Council
UNGO                   Union of Non-Governmental of Morogoro

CEMDO Executives Director Acknowledge numerous staff members from OXFAM  who made valuable  contribution  during the implementation of  Emergency food security and livelihood project  (EFSL) at Nyarugusu refugees Camp and thanks all for their support, professional counsel and valuable feedback.
Special thanks goes to Tafadzwa Makata- RRT Emergency Food Security and Livelihood Manager, Mark Burslem Project Manager, Simon Nanyaro-EFSL team leader, Benet Malima -MEAL Manager, Daniel Mwakilembe and Ivan Kulola-Partners Support Officer.

1.0 Organization Background

1.1 Community Environmental Management and Development Organization (CEMDO).

The Community Environmental Management and Development Organization (CEMDO) is a Civil society Organization working in mainland Tanzania. With registration number So 12490 of 29.05.2004, rule 5/1954 and Certificate of compliance No 00001404, of 28.04.2011, NGO act 24/2002.The Head office is located Malinyi- Ulanga District in Morogoro region. Current CEMDO has a sub/field Office in Kibaoni-Ifakara (Kilombero District), and Morogoro municipal, and Murusi Street-Kasulu Kigoma.

1.2 Vision

To be a strong and vibrant in providing quality, and efficiently services that contribute to improving livelihood.

1.3 The Mission

To initiate, strengthen, and collaborate with other likeminded stakeholder, facilitating capacity building to its members and community in the area of environmental, water and sanitation, agriculture, Food security and Nutrition.


  1. To empower community members to implement their mandates
  2. To facilitate linkage and strengthen information management   systems to Community, Members, development partners, local governmental and other Stakeholders
  3. To Strengthen CEMDO secretariat capacity for effective and efficient services to communities. Key strategic area of implementation (Our Work)

1.5 CEMDO has three strategic area of implementation

            I.            Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Agriculture
          II.             Water resources Management and supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
       III.            Health, Food security and Nutrition/livelihood improvement

1.6 CEMDO service delivering methodology:

For past ten year (since 2002) CEMDO has been involved in rural community development projects focusing in area of agriculture production and processing, natural resources management (Environment conservation), livelihood improvement to communities (income generating activities), Health, Nutrition and Food security, water and sanitation, policies dissemination, lobbing and advocacy, and socially researches.

The activities were implemented through:
Mobilization and formulation of small working groups for accessibility and services delivery such training or capacity building, physical and financial resource mobilization and financial support through provision of working capital
a) Training communities on modern agricultural technologies using demonstration plots or farmers field school approach to increase crop production and livestock production in rural area
b) A linkage between communities, local government, donors and other likeminded organization for implementing development plans
c) Public interest information dissemination.



CEMDO has Board of Directors (Trustees) have 10 members. CEMDO have 30 employee staff   all staffs management  and  technical team lead by Executive Director.

Senior Employee staff
Other staff/CCA/EG/CHW
Malinyi office/Ulanga




OXFAM and CEMDO together implement Emergency food security and livelihood project at Nyarugusu refugees Camp. The project seeks to support households to enhance their food choices and dietary diversity through cash based interventions such as cash for work and conditional cash grants for livelihood support. The project also seeks to improve livelihood options for households through conditional cash grants to start income generating activities. It also seeks to improve communal assets such as incentives for tree planting, support to drainage systems and gullies rehabilitation for flood risk reduction. The project also aim at reduce household firewood consumption and reduce the time spent sourcing for firewood by using fuel efficient stove which are 45-50% energy efficient. Fuel efficient stoves (FES) are directly procured from local producer in Tanzania and distributed to vulnerable households.  However EFSL aimed to train 50 ToT who will facilitate and support construction of 5000 stove in households.

2.0   Result 1: Improved access to diversity food sources for vulnerable households through unconditional 

2.1  Cash base intervention

2.1.1 Beneficiaries identification and selection of 1700 vulnerable households

To ensure access to diverse food sources for vulnerable households at Nyarugusu refugee’s camp, EFSL project identified several interventions includes cash base intervention through unconditional cash transfer to those vulnerable households in the camp. On 19th to 30th October CEMDO staffs in collaboration with OXFAM and UNHCR engaged in identify and verify EFSL beneficiaries for unconditional cash transfer among Burundians refugees from zone 8 to 10 at Nyarugusu camp.  At the End of October EFSL project managed to identify total of 1675 vulnerable households for cash transfer.

2.1.2Phone distribution, registration and cash transfer to 1700 vulnerable household

For phone registration and cash transfer operation EFSL team met with UNHCR and MHA for obtaining refugees identification letter, In the meeting with UNHCR and MHA we agreed to use identification letter signed by UNHCR and MHA as identity card as per concern refugees they don’t have identity card for them to register for M-PESA  with Vodacom. So till this December 2015 we are waiting for identification letter from UNHCR to continue with cash transfer program in the camp

2.1.2 Cash transfer (unconditional cash transfer) first instalment to 1700 vulnerable household
To ensure access to diverse food sources for vulnerable households at Nyarugusu refugee’s camp, EFSL project identified several interventions includes cash base intervention through unconditional cash transfer to those vulnerable households in the camp. On 24th December EFSL team managed disburse total of 30,300,000/= TSH to 1010 identified vulnerable households. Where by 30,000/=TSH disbursed per households through direct cash distribution mechanism. However second instalment planned to be disburse on January 2016 through mobiles phones which is already procured by OXFAM.

3.0 Result 2: Improved livelihoods for 200 vulnerable HHs through condition cash grants

3.1.0 Cash grant for IGA  

3.1.1 Formation 20 IGA groups

To ensure improved livelihood for Households in Nyarugusu refugees camp at the end of October  EFSL project managed to mobilize and formulate total of 24 groups (193 female and 204 male) who will be given condition cash grant for them to run business of their choices. The  criteria for formation and selection of these groups were based on previous experience in running income generating activities, where there is no experience a willingness and commitment to start IGA needs to be demonstrated through submission of a small business plan with support from Oxfam and Cemdo.


3.1.2 Provision of training on entrepreneurial skills to IGA groups

From October to December 2015, CEMDO EFSL managed train 14 IGA groups on entrepreneurial skills, In this month EFSL managed  train 18 IGA groups on entrepreneurial skills and total of 321 (152 males and 169 females) members were attended the training. Training was successfully because all participants were very active and committed for their project/business plans and acquired more skills as all topic were covered as per schedule.  The estimated awareness level on entrepreneurial skill after training was more 80%. However participants asked for refresher training in the future for group’s sustainability. But the challenge we meet in this activities is only delayed of some item/ materials requested by group member for them to run their proposed business.

Left  photo CEMDO EFSL staff Ms. Frola Manyanda with orange T-shirt provide explanation to participants on how they cam manage money for livelhoods improvement.  On right hand photo are members fro kitchen garden group during session on 2nd November 2015 held at OXFAM distribtuion centre yarugusu.

3.1.3 Supportive supervision to IGA groups

During the trips CEMDO FSL managed to make follow up to 18 IGA group with total members of 321 where by 169 female and 152 males. During the trips EFSL team and we observed some members were present at a business point and progress well with their activities while others were not in place went for food distribution centre. And materials given seemed to be helpful and so they are still waiting for the remaining requested items for their better performance.

Above  photo CEMDO EFSL Project officer (Hamiton Misama) with a T-shirt coulred with black and white lines and others are group members during supportive supervision condutced to Burundians shoes making group located zone 8 in Nyarugusu refugee camp on 7th December 2015. 

3.1.4 Item distribution to IGA group

To ensure access to diverse food sources for vulnerable households through condition cash grant.  From November to December 2015, CEMDO EFSL managed to distribute items to 18 IGA groups, according to their business plans.

Above left photo CEMDO EFSL assistant with puple shirt with hand craft group members from Congoleses came to receive their item for business operation. And on right are members from Male salon group for burundian with there items. The distribution done on 13th November 2015

4.0 Result 3: Improved usage of firewood for food preparation for vulnerable households

4.1 Fuel efficiency stoves

4.1.1 Identification of 5000 vulnerable households for stove distribution.

To guarantee improved usage of firewood for food preparation for vulnerable households in camp, At the begin of November 2015, CEMDO staffs in collaboration of Local leader, casual workers and  volunteers managed to identify  and select list of 3500 vulnerable households  from zone 8 to zone 10 in Nyarugusu refugees camp for stoves distribution.

4.1.2 Identification and training  of 50 ToT

CEMDO in collaboration with local leaders and CEMDO staff in Nyarugusu Managed to identify all 50 ToT (20 females and 30 female) with experience and capacity who will be trained on mobilize, facilitate and support production of 5000 fuel efficiency stove to household. However on second week of December EFSL managed to conduct almost 10 days training to 50 ToT  for them to mobilize and support construction of fuel  efficiency  stoves to 5000 households

4.1.3 Distribution   fuel efficiency stoves to vulnerable households

To ensure improved usage of firewood for foods preparations among vulnerable households, EFSL identified fuel efficiency stoves intervention by distributing stoves to vulnerable households in Nyaruguss refugee’s camp. From November to December 2015 CEMDO EFSL team managed to distribute 2486 stoves to vulnerable households.  Total of 163 stoves were not distribute because either broken or absolute cracked.  Also during stoves distribution CEMDO also managed to distribute total of 1714 trees seedling vulnerable households for them to plant in their area.
Above left photo person cary stove is  EFSL beneficiaries (fromvulnerable households)  who came to receive stoves together with seedling tree at CEMDO office in Nyarugusu camp. And left hand side CEMDO volunteer with Blue instruct beneficiaries with green cloth on hwo tu use the stoves during the distribution day on 27th November 2015.

5.0 Challenges

  • Some IGA group’s members were  not came for training, because they went for food distribution
  • Some IGA group received some of their requested items (Partial distribution) because some of their items were not delivered to OXFAM store in Nyarugusu. So they have to wait until they  came from suppliers
  • Some of stoves were broken and other had large crack so were not distributed to beneficiaries so about 161 stoves had the problems
  • Rains prohibit smooth distribution exercise and movement with the camp  so we had to stop some time hence reduce the speed of distribution
  • No smooth information sharing from OXFAM to CEMDO
·         Delaying of stoves and IGA groups items
·         Time limit made difficult to implements all activities according to project documents/proposal

6.0   Way forward

·         Remained members who were not came for training we included them to other training
·         Supportive supervision is highly needed to ensures IGA groups for it sustainability
·         OXFAM have communicated with stoves suppliers to improve the products.
·         Follow up should be made to suppliers to supply those remained items soon as possible
·         Extension of project time to ensure completion of project activities according to project proposal

7.0Activity plan for Next Month
·         Follow up and Supportive supervision to IGA groups
·         Facilitate 50 ToT in mobilize and support the construction of fuel efficiency stoves to 5000 households
·          Stoves distribution to beneficiaries
·         Phone distribution and  registration
·         Training on how to collect cash through mobile phones
·         Cash transfer second installment  to PSN 
·         Monitoring and evaluation and PDM
·         Training and Item distribution to remained  IGA groups includes refresher training
·         Cash for work activities  (Gullies rehabilitation) as per submitted proposal
·         Procurement IGA items for new groups